When identifying the strain of marijuana or derivative that you are going to consume, smell is one of the most typical characteristics. So, to really understand what it is composed of, apart from cannabinoids, you need to know about terpenes. This is why we will now tell you what terpenes are; you will discover why the smell of the plant depends on around 30% of this molecule.

Chemically, terpenes must be viewed as organic compounds that are derived from a hydrocarbon called isoprene. This is why they are also called isoprenoids. They come from mevalonic acid, which in turn comes from acetyl coenzyme A.

EXTRA TERPENES

Terpenes are formed by the enzymatic polymerization of two isoprenes: when they are chemically modified and their structure is rearranged, they are called terpenoids. These molecules are present in the essential oils of all types of plants, which is why they have gained some prominence in the latest scientific studies.

Where can these terpenes be found? They can be found in plants as well as animals, although in the latter their proportion is much lower. In fact, large quantities of terpenes are usually associated with the very structure of plants, as they can accumulate in them to trigger defence or reproductive mechanisms, such as the release of certain odours or the appearance of different colours.

WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
TERPENES AND CANNABIS?

Terpenes play a well-known role in cannabis plants. In all cases they are excreted in the resin but depending on the plant variety you are dealing with; you can see how different types appear. How can you tell? Very simply: you will notice that each plant has its own distinctive smell. Essentially, these compounds determine the distinctive aroma of cannabis.

Terpenes can help to pigment the plant or even protect it, as we already mentioned, and this happens, for example, when there are high temperatures. Owing to their properties, these substances can increase the humidity of the plant itself, to prevent it from drying out and running the risk of dying. In addition, the viscosity of its resin will make it easier to trap insects that could endanger the plant’s viability.

TYPES OF TERPENES IN CANNABIS

After extensive research, at least 100 different terpenes have been identified in marijuana plants.. They mainly correspond to two types: those classified as mono- and sesquiterpenes. The monoterpenes include include linalool, eucalyptol, pinene, myrcene and limonene, which has a remarkably similar smell to lemon As for the sesquiterpenes, the most common is caryophyllene, which is present in different varieties of the marijuana plant as well as in some others, such as black pepper.

Would you like to learn about some of the most important terpenes and their peculiarities? We list them below.

LINALOOL

It is the principal compound of lavender. It is a monoterpene used as a fragranceand in other products because of its pleasant aroma. It also has significant anti-convulsive and anxiolytic properties and is also used to treat burns.

In cannabis, it acts in conjunction with THC to produce analgesic effects. However, in combination with CBD it is particularly useful for treating epilepsy, due to its antiseizure effect..

MYRCENE

Myrcene If there is a particularly common terpene, it is this one. Its smell may resemble that of cloves, but it also has an intense earthy aroma. It can be found in large quantities in fruits such as mango or trees such as lemongrass. . Its main function is as a sedative.

It is found in larger quantities in the Indica variety of cannabis, so it calms anxiety and produceseffects when mixed with CBD.. However, if combined with THC it can provoke intense activity.

Eucalyptol

It is a monoterpene that is present in a wide variety of plants, always with different functions This is the case, for example, with orchids, where its function is to attract bees, while in other plants it acts as a repellent. As far as cannabis is concerned, eucalyptol sobre todo, en la variedad Sativa. Its properties are remarkably interesting for the treatment of certain respiratory conditions, and even asthma.

PINENE

The smell of pine is enormously popular, and this fragrance actually comes from the pine resin, which contains a significant amount of this terpene. But there are more fragrant plants, such as rosemary and cannabis, which also contain pinene.. Their function in marijuana is none other than to diminish the hallucinogenic effect so typical of THC.

LIMONENE

This terpene is common in the rind of many citrus fruits but is also present in cannabis. Limonene has different properties. For example, it is a potent anti-fungal, but it is also known for its effectiveness in strengthening the immune system or alleviating depression and anxiety.

Caryophyllene

This terpene is a combination of different compounds, such as caryophyllene oxide, beta-caryophyllene and humulene. It is common in pepper and certain varieties of cannabis; in fact, it is one of the most widely present terpenes in the plant, and has different benefits. It is notable for its anticoagulant properties and its major therapeutic potential as an anti-inflammatory. Used in conjunction with CBD, it can have an effect on the endocannabinoid system.

DO ESSENTIAL OILS COME FROM TERPENES?

In the specific case of cannabis, essential oils are indeed derived from terpenes. . When the plant is treated, 1% monoterpene oil is obtained.. However, dried cannabis reduces this proportion to only 0.1% and in such cases is composed of sesquiterpenes.

As you can see, terpenes play an important role in marijuana, even directly influencing the properties of the plant. Each of these substances provide a number of benefits when combined with others present in cannabis, such as CBD and THC. They also provide a fascinating blend of aromas and fragrances.

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We do not claim CBD treats any medical conditions, any piece of content is about the properties of the individual plant terpenes, this agreement is to be governed by Spanish law. In Annex II of Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 on cosmetic products, hemp seeds and leaves are excluded
from the classification as narcotic drugs.

The European Commission states that: “Cannabidiol is not included as such in the Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961. Therefore, cannabidiol is considered outside the scope of Annex II, of Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 at entry 306”.

Currently in the European Union the use of cannabidiol is allowed as long as * it does not come from parts of the plant that are considered narcotic drugs *. Thus, the use of cannabidiol obtained from seeds and leaves is currently allowed on cosmetic products.